Through family connections and training Charles Estienne (ca. 1504-1564) moved through the professional ranks of both physicians and publishers. From 1530 to 1534, he studied in Padua, learning Greek, botany, and natural science. He returned to Paris and began medical study in 1538 under Sylvius, who had taught Vesalius. An important publishing family, the Estiennes had connections to the French court. Charles assumed full control of the family press in 1550 when his brother Robert was accused of heresy and forced to flee to Geneva. But in 1557, Charles himself was arrested for debt and spent the rest of his life in jail. One of the most important books published by Charles Estienne was the anatomical atlas, De dissectione partium corporis humani. When the Latin edition was published in 1545, the project was already fifteen-years old (the earliest illustration dated back to 1530). The book had been ready to go to press in 1539, but it was suspended when Estienne de la Riviére (d. 1569) filed suit, demanding credit for having performed the dissections on which the illustrations were based. As a result, publication was delayed for five years. The French edition that came out the following year, La dissection des parties du corps humain (1546) was likely translated by Estienne himself. At least two artists worked on the plates, François Jollat and another who is known only by the initials "S.R."